There are two main structures for social currency in France. The SOL federates currencies where town halls and local authorities are actively involved. Monnaie Locale Complementaire Citoyennes (MLCC) oversees currencies carried by citizens themselves. Notably, SEVE La Roue is an association of MLCCs in the ‎Bouches-du-Rhône province: each individual community within the association issues their own currency, which can be then used within any of the other member communities.

Local currencies have been recognized in France since 2014 through the Social and Solidarity Economy Act (Article.16), and recognized as a payment instrument in the French Monetary and Financial Code. The currencies are legal provided they operate within a closed network of members for exchanges of goods and services approved by the issuing association. The exchange coupon (not the bank note) used by local currencies is considered a service voucher. The Prudential Control Authority of the Banque de France has agreed to these practices; this support and legal structure has likely contributed to the proliferation of local currencies in France.

SOL

Sol Violette

Region: Toulouse, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2011

Description and Background: Sols are physical notes with an exchange rate of 1:1 to the euro. After paying a 15 euro fee, one can begin exchanging euros for sols at the Crédit Municipal or the Crédit Coopérative with 5% bonus. If the note does not circulate in three months, it loses % of its value; this is tracked using a mechanism in the note. The program is funded mostly by the local government, and is used to supplement welfare payments to families. The goal of SOL Violette is to "facilitate exchanges and create solidarity."

Circulation and Participation: As of 2013, there were 1600+ registered users and 130+ local businesses participating, with 40,000 Sol issued in 2012

Founders: SOL Violette

Contact: info@ennstaler.net, Bernd Fischer losesteine@gmx.at

Website: https://www.sol-violette.fr/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/SolViolette/ https://twitter.com/Sol_Violette

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Sol Olympe

Region: Montauban, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2014

Description and Background: Sol Olympe is focused on fair prices, solidarity finance, local consumption and the decrease of ecological footprints. The notes exchange 1:1 to the euro.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: SOL Olympe

Contact: Christian Lagasse, christian.lagasse@wanadoo.fr

Website: https://solympe.wordpress.com

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/sol.olympe/

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Bou'Sol

Region: Boulonnais, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2013

Description and Background: The SOL Bank (the Municipal Credit of Boulogne-sur-Mer) issues Bou'Sol and regulates the circulation of notes. The notes are exchanged from euros at a 1:1 rate, with a 5% conversion bonus to the consumer. The notes have to be reactivated every four months. The purpose of the project is to "promote local and responsible consumption."

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Frédéric Cuvillier

Contact: monnaie.bousol@yahoo.fr 

Website: www.bou-sol.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/BouSol-304419753025457/ https://twitter.com/bousol_monnaie

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SOL Plaine commune

Region: Plaine Commune, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2012

Description and Background: The notes exchange 1:1 to the euro, and the goal of the project is to “relocate the economy.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Mouvement SOL

Contact: Nadia Benqué, nadiabenque@ceefia.fr

Website: unknown

SEVE La Roue (Wheel)

Roue Arlésienne

Region: Pays d’Arles, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: December 2017

Description and Background: The Roue exchanges 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees, but consumers cannot exchange the notes back into euros. Membership in the association, which promotes social solidarity, democratic economies, and ecological transition, is required to use the Roues.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Monnaie d’A

Contact: contact@larouearlesienne.org, Jérôme Séquier jerome.sequier@ouvaton.org

Website: https://larouearlesienne.org

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaRoueArlesienne/

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La Roue dans Les Hautes-Alpes

Region: Hautes Alpes, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: 2017

Description and Background: The Roue is available as a physical note and in digital transactions. The purpose of the project is to use currency as "a means of exchange, of the social bond, a common good managed by the citizens at the service of the community, relocation of exchanges.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLCC05

Contact: François Beaurepaire francois.beaurepaire@wanadoo.fr

Website: monnaielocale05.org

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La Roue des Alpes de Haute Provence

Region: Alpes de Haute Provence, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2016

Description and Background: The Roue exchanges 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees, but consumers cannot exchange the notes back into euros.

Circulation and Participation: 2500 users, 700 businesses, 44 exchange counters, 160510 roues in circulation

Founders: SEVE04

Contact: seve04@riseup.net, Michel Ingrand, michel.ingrand@free.fr

Website: laroue.org

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaRoue.MLCC

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La Roue du Pays d’Aix

Region: Pays d’Aix, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2017

Description and Background: The Roue exchanges 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees, but consumers cannot exchange the notes back into euros. Membership in the association, which promotes social solidarity, local economies and employment, and the reduction of our ecological footprint, is required to use the Roues.  

Circulation and Participation: 2500 users, 700 businesses, 44 exchange counters, 160510 roues in circulation

Founders: MLPA

Contact: contact@larouedupaysdaix.org

Website: https://www.larouedupaysdaix.org

Social Media: https://twitter.com/laroue_aix https://www.facebook.com/larouedupaysdaix/

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La Roue Marseillaise

Region: Marseille, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: April 2014

Description and Background: The Roue exchanges 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees, but consumers cannot exchange the notes back into euros. Membership in the association, which promotes production and circulation of goods and services at the local level, is required to use the Roues.   

Circulation and Participation: 2500 users, 700 businesses, 44 exchange counters, 160510 roues in circulation

Founders: SEVE13

Contact: contact@larouemarseillaise.org, Mathieu Sarrasin, mathieu.sarrasin@laroue.org

Website: https://larouemarseillaise.org

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/larouemarseillaise/

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La Roue en Vaucluse

Region: Vaucluse, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2011

Description and Background: The Roue exchanges 1:1 to the euro with 2% demurrage each semester and no reconversion fees, but consumers cannot exchange the notes back into euros. Membership in the association, which promotes "acceleration and relocation of exchanges, financing of ethical projects," is required to use the Roues.    

Circulation and Participation: 3000 users, 1000 businesses, 50 exchange counters, 2 funded projects, 160000 roues in circulation

Founders: SEVE84

Contact: contact@laroue.org, Vivien Le Turq, vivien.leturcq@laroue.org

Website: http://www.laroue.org

Social Media: https://twitter.com/laroue84 https://www.facebook.com/La.Roue.Vaucluse/

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La Roue Salonaise

Region: Pays Salonaise, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2015

Description and Background: The Salonaise Wheel replaces the "Nostra" project that was initiated in 2011 and has been since abandoned. The Salonaise Wheel is part of the Seve La Roue network. The notes exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. The goal of the supporting association, Currency in the country of Salon, is to "stimulate the circulation of goods and services at the local level in a non-speculative economy through the use of a complementary local currency between its members.”

Circulation and Participation: 2500 users, 700 businesses, 44 exchange counters, 160510 roues in circulation

Founders: MoPSA

Contact: salontransitionlaroue@gmail.com 

Website: www.larouesalonaise.org

MLCC

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Soudicy

Region: Allier, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: June 2019

Description and Background: Soudicy notes are exchanged 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion. The currency is managed by residents and professionals in the region.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: contact@lesoudicy.fr

Website: http://www.lesoudicy.fr/

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La Gonette

Region: Lyons, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency 

First Issued: November 2015

Description and Background: La Gonettes are exchanged 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. Membership in the association required to exchange to the la Gonettes notes, which cannot be exchanged back to euros. The program is supported by MLCC La Gonette in order to facilitate a citizen reassignment of currency.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLCC La Gonette

Contact: co@lagonette.org, Sébastien Tagliana s.tagliana@lagonette.org

Website: www.lagonette.org

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaGonette  https://twitter.com/la_gonette

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Le Lien

Region: Pays Stéphanois, Saint Étienne, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: October 2016

Description and Background: Le Lien notes exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. The currency is supported by MLCC42 (Local Local Currency Loire South) with the purpose of making a connection between professionals and consumers in order to create a cooperative economy.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLCC42 (Local Local Currency Loire South)

Contact: contact@lelien42.org

Website: www.lelien42.org

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LeLienMonnaieLocale42/

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La Gentiane

Region: Annecy basin, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2015

Description and Background: La Gentianes is complementary to the euro. Consumers can exchange euros for Gentianes at trading desks after becoming a member of the association for a small fee. The notes “can be spent in a network of individuals, businesses and local businesses committed to fostering the development of a real, more local, responsible and supportive economy.”

Circulation and Participation: 24,000 printed notes, 100 affiliate professionals, 600 individual members

Founders: unknown

Contact: gentiane.annecy@gmail.com

Website: http://monnaiegentiane.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/monnaiegentiane  https://twitter.com/monnaiegentiane

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L’Abeille (The Bee)

Region: Lot and Garonne, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: January 2010             

Description and Background: The organization Agir pour le Vivant, whose mission is to promote sustainable local development, oversees the use of L’Abeilles. The currency has a 1:1 exchange rate to the euro and, after joining the association, it can be obtained at trading desks throughout the region. Every two years, the notes are renewed to deter forgeries. If a note is not used in a semester, it depreciates by 2%. An Accreditation Committee ensures that the participating businesses adhere to the environmental and ethical standards set by the association. These gatekeeping measures are in place to follow French law that allows alternative currencies to be used as long as their use is limited.

Circulation and Participation: 86 businesses listed in the association

Founders: Agir pour le Vivant

Contact: agirpourlevivant@orange.fr

Website: http://agirpourlevivant.org/

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La Lignières

Region: Berry, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2016                           

Description and Background: La Lignières notes have a 2% demurrage every six months, which is reconciled through the purchase of a sticker. Membership in the association is necessary to begin exchanging, and providers can reconvert to euros for an agreed-upon sum. The project is a return to Berry’s original local currency which began in 1956 and lasted for two years.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLC in Berry

Contact: contact@monnaielocaleberry.fr, Alain Agassant, alain.agassant@live.fr

Website: http://monnaielocaleberry.fr/

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La Doume

Region: Puy-de-Dôme, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: January 2015

Description and Background: La Doumes exchange 1:1 to the euro with no reconversion fees or demurrage. The currency is available as physical notes and electronic transactions. Membership in the organization ADML 63 is required to exchange.

Circulation and Participation: 778 users, 251 service providers, and partners, 14 local groups, 48 counters, 176809 Doumes in circulation, 236273 digital exchanges

Founders: ADML 63

Contact: contact@adml63.org, Danielle Nadal, d.nadal@orange.fr

Website: https://doume.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/PourUneMonnaieLocalePuydomoise  https://twitter.com/mldoume

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Lucioles (Fireflies)

Region: Ardèche, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2011                           

Description and Background: Lucioles exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage. The supporting association, Les Lucioles, “aims to pave the way for an economy more respectful of the human being and its natural environment.” Membership in this association is required to use the notes.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLC in Berry

Contact: lucioles07@orange.fr, Philippe Goirand, luciolesardeche@gmail.com

Website: http://www.monnaie-locale-lucioles.org


Brittany

La Maillette

Region: Pays de Rance, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2014

Description and Background: La Maillettes exchange 1:1 to the euro with a 4% reconversion fee. The project was created “to promote local production and lay the foundations of a non-speculative economy with a goal of solidarity, ecology, and education.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: Gérard Mary, contact@la-maillette.bzh

Website: https://la-maillette.bzh/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/MLCRance/

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Heol

Region: Pays de Brest, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: January 2012

Description and Background: Heols exchange 1:1 to the euro with a 2% reconversion fee. The currency is available as physical notes and in electronic transactions beginning in 2019. The project is supported by the Heol Association.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: ADESS (Association of Development of Social and Solidarity Economy)

Contact: bonjour@heol.infini.fr, Mona Houssais, mona@heol.infini.fr

Website: www.heol.infini.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/MLCRance/

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Le Galais

Region: Pays de Ploërmel, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: November 2015

Description and Background: Le Galais are available as physical notes and digital transactions. They exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. The goal of the association is to “promote the production, circulation of goods and services at the local level and to lay the foundations of a real economy (not speculative) thanks to a complementary local currency.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Association pour une Monnaie Locale Complémentaire et Citoyenne du Pays de Ploërmel

Contact: galais@monnaie-locale-ploermel.org

Website: https://www.monnaie-locale-ploermel.org/

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Le Buzuk

Region: Pays de Morlaix, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: October 2016

Description and Background: Le Buzuks exchange 1:1 to the euro, with no demurrage. Consumers are not able to exchange back to euros; for businesses, the reconversion fee ranges from 1-3%. Membership in the association is required to make exchanges, and the fees for membership are scaled to income levels. The goal of the association is to “relocate the economy, put forward know-how and responsible initiatives, and to reclaim the currency.”

Circulation and Participation: 167648 Buzuks traded by 665 members and 169 repeat members, with more than 125 providers.

Founders: Association for a local currency of the Pays de Morlaix

Contact: monnaielocale.morlaix@gmail.com

Website: http://www.buzuk.bzh/

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La Bizh

Region: Golde du Morbihan – Vannes Agglomération, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: January 2018

Description and Background: The purpose of the Bizh currency is to relocate the economy, encourage a healthy ecology and strengthen social links while promoting the Breton language. The notes do not demurrage and there are not any reconversion fees. Consumers must join the MLK-Gwened, the supporting association, in order to use Bizh.

Circulation and Participation: 34 neighborhoods, 49 providers, 8 trading counters

Founders: MLK-Gwened

Contact: mlk-gwened.contact@lists.riseup.net, contact@bizh.bzh

Website: www.bizh.bzh

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OURSE

Region: Pénestin, La Roche Bernard, Muzillac, Questembert, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: September 2018

Description and Background: OURSE notes exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. The purpose of the project is to promote local and fair trade, social links, and healthy ecology.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLC LRB: Local Complementary Currency of Roche Bernard

Contact: OURSE@isautop.fr, Poiré Dominique, dpoire@laposte.net

Website: unknown

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/ourse.mlc/

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Le Segal

Region: Pays de Lorient, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: September 2017

Description and Background: Le Segal is complementary to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. The purpose of the project is “relocation, revitalization of the local economy, and revitalization of the social bond.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Black Wheat

Contact: Beatrice Sculier, beatricesculier@gmail.com  

Website: unknown

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/assoblenoir2015

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Le Pisé

Region: Vals Dauphiné / Guiers, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2017

Description and Background: Le Pisé notes exchange 1:1 to the euro. The goals of the currency include “relocation, ecology, and economic revitalization.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Friendly Economy

Contact: contact@economie-conviviale.org

Website: www.economie-conviviale.org


Burgundy-Franche-Comté

La Chouette (The Owl)

Region: Dijon, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2018

Description and Background: La Chouettes exchange 1:1 to the euro. The notes do not demurrage and there are not any reconversion fees. The purpose of the project is “to develop the local economy, to favor short circuits, to rehumanize our exchanges, and popular education.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: La Chouette Association

Contact: monnaielocaledijon@gmail.com, Victor Coste, costevictor6@gmail.com

Website: http://www.lachouettemonnaie.fr/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/monnaielocaledijon/

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Galléco

Region: Canton of Rennes center, Pays de Redon, South Brittany, Pays de Fougères, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: September 2013

Description and Background: Gallécos can be obtained at the partner bank using a membership card, or at trading desks. The notes exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage, and only businesses can convert back to euros. The purpose of the project is to “relocate wealth, encourage businesses and consumers to respect certain ecological and social values, create social ties around a common trading system.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact:  contact@galleco.info, Anne Bruzac, galleco35@gmail.com

Website: http://www.galleco.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/assogalleco

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La Cagnole (The Snail)

Region: Yonne, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2018

Description and Background: La Cagnoles exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage. Only businesses can reconvert back to euros, which incurs a fee that ranges from 1 to 5% according to the commitment of that business to the ecological transition of Yonne. The purpose of the currency is to “relocate the exchanges, and act for the ecological transition.”

Circulation and Participation: 685 members of the association, 30 partner associations, 116 businesses, 28 exchange counters

Founders: Courts-circuits la Cagnole

Contact: secretariat@lacagnole.fr, Pascal Paquin, ppaquin@yonnelautre.fr

Website: http://lacagnole.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/pages/category/Nonprofit-Organization/Agnel-Monnaie-locale-citoyenne-936360489707647/

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La Pive

Region: Franche-Comté, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2017

Description and Background: Membership in the La Pive Association is necessary to exchange euros for the notes at a 1:1 rate. The La Pive notes do not demurrage, and can only be converted back to euros by professional members of the association. The goals of the currency are “boosting local exchanges, maintaining employment in the area, and promoting exchange between citizens.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: La Pive Association

Contact: contact@pive.fr

Website: https://www.pive.fr/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/pive.monnaie/


Centre-Val de Loire

Le Passeur

Region: Sully (Loriet), France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2018

Description and Background: Le Passeurs are complementary to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. The purpose of the notes is the “relocation of the economy and its currency, the promotion of a healthy ecology, job retention, short circuits, social links.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders:  unknown

Contact: contact@local-motiv.org, Gérard Arrivault, gerard.arrivault@gmail.com

Website: unknown

Social Media: Monnaie locale complémentaire Le Passeur – LocauxMoti-V

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Mereau

Region: Montargis, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: September 2016

Description and Background: Mereaus are complementary to the euro and the notes do not demurrage.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Equilibre Monnaie-terre

Contact: equilibremonnaieterre@gmail.com, Philippe Lalik, LK45@wanadoo.fr

Website: http://mereaudugatinais.blog4ever.com/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/mereaudugatinais/


Grand-Est

Le Stück

Region: Strasbourg, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: September 2015

Description and Background: Le Stück is complementary to the euro and the notes depreciate 2% every nine months to encourage spending.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: ECO QUARTIER Strasbourg

Contact: lestuck@orange.fr

Website: http://www.lestuck.eu

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/lestuckstrasbourg https://twitter.com/LeStuck67 

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La Cigogne (Stork)

Region: South Alsace, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2015

Description and Background: Membership in the association is required to use La Cigognes. The notes exchange 1:1 to the euro and incur a 5% loss when converting back to euros (“solidarity share”). The goal of the project is to facilitate local exchanges and promote environmentally-conscious actions.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: contact@la-cigogne.alsace

Website: http://la-cigogne.alsace

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Le Florain

Region: Nancy, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: October 2017

Description and Background: To use Le Florains, membership in the association is required and the fee supports “providers who are committed to an ecological, local, human and citizen approach.” The notes are complementary to the euro and incur a 5% commission when converting back to euros, but only businesses can do this reconversion.

Circulation and Participation: 140 professionals, 11 exchange counters, 80,000 Florians in circulation

Founders: unknown

Contact: groupe_com@monnaielocalenancy.fr, Nathalie Martin nathaliemartin676@gmail.com

Website: http://www.monnaielocalenancy.fr/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LeFlorain https://twitter.com/LeFlorain

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Maracassol

Region: Ardennes, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2017

Description and Background: Maracassols are complementary to the euro, with no demurrage and a 3% reconversion fee for businesses. The notes cannot be exchanged back to euros by consumers. The goal of the currency is ” to develop the local economy with real wealth, to support ecological projects, sustainable development, responsible consumption.”

Circulation and Participation: 89 businesses accept Marcassols

Founders: Association of the Local Solidarity Money of the Pays d’Ardenne

Contact: contact@marcassol.org, Sylvain Maouche, mlc.paysdardenne@gmail.com

Website: marcassol.org

Social Media: https://twitter.com/marcassol https://www.facebook.com/LeMarcassol


Île-de France

La Pêche

Region: Île de France, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: June 2015

Description and Background: La Pêches are complementary to euros and the notes do not demurrage. 3% of the euros converted to Peches are distributed to organizations of the consumer’s choosing at the time of the transaction. Membership in the association is required to use Pêches. The purpose of the project is to “stimulate local economic activity, promote sharing and mutual support, promote respectful exchanges with the planet and create an instrument of democracy and not of power.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: La Pêche, monnaie locale

Contact: welcome@PecheMonnaieLocale.fr, Brigitte Abel, brigitte@pechemonnaielocale.fr

Website: peche-monnaie-locale.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaPeche/  https://twitter.com/LaPeche_IdF

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La Pêche

Region: Paris, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2018

Description and Background: La Pêches are exchanged 1:1 to euros and the notes do not demurrage. There is a 3% reconversion fee to exchange back to euros. The currency is meant to increase employment, relocate wealth, encourage a healthy ecology, strengthen the social fabric, and promote a social and solidarity economy platform.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Une monnaie pour Paris!

Contact: association@unemonnaiepourparis.org, Lucas Rochette-Berlon, lucas.rochetteberlon@sciencespo.fr

Website: www.unemonnaiepourparis.org

Social Media: www.facebook.com/unemonnaiepourparis/ www.twitter.com/MonnaieParis

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Villejuif Project

Region: Villejuif, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2018

Description and Background: The local currency in Villejuif is complementary to the euro with no demurrage, and is reconvertible for businesses only. The purpose of the project is to revitalize the local economy.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLCC Villejuif

Contact: mlcc.villejuif@gmail.com, thierry.banh@gmail.com, Thierry Banh

Website: mlccvillejuif.wordpress.com

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La Racine

Region: South Yvelines and West Essonne, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: October 2018

Description and Background: La Racine is available as a physical note or in digital transactions. The currency exchanges 1:1 to the euro, with 1% reconversion fee for businesses in the first year, then 2% for the following years. Membership in the association is required to use the currency.

Circulation and Participation: 498 participants, 91 businesses, 50 volunteers, 74000 Racines in circulation

Founders: The Racine Association

Contact: mlcc.villejuif@gmail.com, thierry.banh@gmail.com, Thierry Banh

Website: mlccvillejuif.wordpress.com

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaRacineMLCC/ https://twitter.com/La_Racine_IdF


Normandy

Le Grain

Region: Le Havre, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: September 2015

Description and Background: Le Grains exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage and a 5% reconversion fee for businesses exchanging back to the euro. The currency is managed by Le Grain Monnaie Locale.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Le Grain Monnaie Locale

Contact: contact@le-grain.net, Serge Delamare, delse@free.fr

Website: le-grain.net

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/legrainmonnaielocale/

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Agnel

Region: Rouen and Elbeuf, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2015

Description and Background: Agnels are supported by Association pour la Monnaie locale et citoyenne du Grand Rouen. The notes exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage and a 3% conversion fee back to euros.

Circulation and Participation: More than 90,000 Agnels put into circulation, more than 1000 consumers, a network of over 200 businesses and associations

Founders: Association pour la Monnaie locale et citoyenne du Grand Rouen 

Contact: contact@monnaie-agnel.fr

Website: www.monnaie-agnel.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/pages/category/Nonprofit-Organization/Agnel-Monnaie-locale-citoyenne-936360489707647/


Nouvelle Aquitaine

Euskos

Region: Basque region, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: January 2013

Description and Background:  The Eusko exchanges 1:1 to the euro with a 5% reconversion fee. Part of that reconversion fee goes towards a charitable cause chosen by the business at the time of reconversion. The Eusko is also available digitally. The purpose of the Eusko notes is to encourage ecological awareness by promoting local production and consumption, to save the Basque language, and to reduce financial speculation.

Circulation and Participation:  As of December 31, 2018, there were 1,097,280 Eeusko outstanding (+ 46% compared to 2017): 412,000 in notes, and 685,000 on eusko digital accounts.

Founders: A group of Basque-speaking activists

Contact: http://www.euskalmoneta.org/contact/

Website: http://www.euskalmoneta.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/euskoa/ https://twitter.com/EuskalMoneta

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T!nda       

Region: Béarn, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: July 2015

Description and Background: Membership in the association Hand in Hand is required. Consumers can join the association for a fee at trading desks or the association’s meetings. Only providers can convert Tindas back into euros.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: contact@demainenmain.org

Website: http://www.demainenmain.org/doku.php

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaTinda.Bearn

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Aqui

Region: Sarlat, Montignac, and Bergerac, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: April 2018

Description and Background: Membership in the association is required to use Aquis. The fee goes towards running the association, printing and renewing the notes, and supporting the participating companies. The notes are exchanged 1:1 to the euro at trading desks in the area.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: mlc.aqui24@lilo.org

Website: https://monnaieaqui.wixsite.com/aqui

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/AQUI-monnaie-locale-du-P%C3%A9rigord-131437461095577/?__tn__=%2Cd%2CP-R&eid=ARAILRnhqEJ7OIc70Anq7_DcKq1arQA69XnW9FkGJvcDIzrpxZQmuuU8MfPY2fnoG-1hlG-ur9qZ07Yf

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Le Trèfle (Clover)

Region: Agglomeration of Périgueux, France

Currency Type:  locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: November 2016

Description and Background: Le Trèfles exchange 1:1 to the euro and can be used as both physical notes and electronic transactions. There is a 5% reconversion fee to return to euros. The organization La Tréflerie oversees the currency.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: La Tréflerie

Contact: moloco.px@free.fr, contact@treflerie.info, Jean-Paul Quentin, jpcmtic@free.fr (Co-president in charge of the electronic management system), Gilles Forcet (Co-president and treasurer) gilles- forcet@orange.fr

Website: http://moloco.px.free.fr

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La Miel (Honey)

Region: Grand Libournais, Entre 2 Mers, Sud Gironde, Bordeaux, Saint-Loubès, and Saint-Médard-en Jalles, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: January 2013

Description and Background: La Miel exchanges 1:1 to the euro and experiences 2% demurrage each semester. The validity of the notes is extended using a sticker reapplied every six months. The association also offers solidarity micro-loans and has a relationship with the local currency l’Abeille de Villeneuve.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Trans’Lib

Contact: monnaie@lamiel.net, Philippe Labansat, philippe.labansat@lamiel.net

Website: http://www.lamiel.net/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaMielGironde

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Ostrea

Region: Bassin d’Arcachon and Val de l’Eyre, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2016

Description and Background: Membership for a small fee is required to begin exchanging euros for Ostreas at a 1:1 rate. The goal of the currency is to encourage local, environmentally friendly transactions.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: contact@ostreamonnaie.org

Website: https://ostreamonnaie.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/Ostreamonnaielocale/  https://twitter.com/ostreamonnaie https://www.instagram.com/ostrea_monnaie/

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Babet – the local currency of Pilat

Region: Territory located in the triangle (Givors – Rhône), Annonay (Ardèche), St-Etienne (Loire), France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2018

Description and Background: Babets exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. Membership in the association is free but required in order to use the notes.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: monnaie.locale.pilat@laposte.net, Cédric Bozonnet (director, member of the Conseil Collégial) cbozonnet@hotmail.com

Website: https://monnaielocalepilat.wordpress.com/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/Ostreamonnaielocale/  https://twitter.com/ostreamonnaie https://www.instagram.com/ostrea_monnaie/

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Lou Pelou

Region: Haute-Vienne, North Corrèze, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2015

Description and Background: Lou Pelous are exchanged 1:1 to the euro with a 2% reconversion rate. Each semester, the notes have to be validated by purchasing stickers to 2% of the note’s value. The currency is run by The Limousin Path.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: The Limousin Path

Contact: 01monnaielocalelimousine@gmail.com

Website: http://lecheminlimousin.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/lechemindupelou/

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La Mige

Region: Creuse, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2017

Description and Background: La Miges exchange 1:1 to the euro and are managed by the organization Pomoloc. Conversions by cash carry no cost.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Pomoloc

Contact: contact@pomoloc.fr, Christophe Fontaine, contact@pomoloc.fr

Website: https://la-mige.fr/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/groups/lamige/ https://twitter.com/LaMige23

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La Commune

Region: Roannais, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2010

Description and Background: La Communes exchange 1:1 to the euro and are run by MCRC (Complementary Currency of Roannais The Commune).

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MCRC (Complementary Currency of Roannais The Commune)

Contact: mcrc.la.commune@gmail.com, Christian Rulliere, c.rulliere@orange.fr

Website: http://monnaielocaleroannais.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/Monnaie-locale-compl%C3%A9mentaire-1563438503932956/?__tn__=%2Cd%2CP-R&eid=ARCagL8cRvQAQelXrZD-xsc9iWijJSwbV7ffLU2lCztW2Edjir-7KoVqldHE2CLR5v0G4cCxaZsr7vas

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Gâtinelles

Region: Gatine Poitevine, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: February 2017

Description and Background: Gâtinelles are exchanged 1:1 to the euro. For every 100 euros exchanged, 5 extra gâtinelles are received. Gâtinelles cannot be reconverted to euros except by participating businesses who pay a 1% reconversion fee at a minimum of 4 euros. The notes have to be used before an expiration date stamped on the back.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: association@gatinemois.fr, contact@gatinelle.fr, Bernard Merlet

Website: http://www.gatinelle.fr

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La Trémière

Region: Aunis, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2018

Description and Background: La Trémières are physical notes.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: monnaielocalepaysaunis@gmail.com, Véronique Behar Bonnet, Verojv@free.fr

Website: https://www.helloasso.com/associations/la-tremiere-monnaie-locale-complementaire-d-aunis?banner=True

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/Locale-Compl%C3%A9mentaire-LaRochelle-and-their-seen-1046712652118164/

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La Bulle

Region: Angoulême, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2017

Description and Background: La Bulle notes exchange 1:1 to the euro and membership in the association Poivre MLC is required in order to use the currency. Businesses, but not individual consumers, can convert Bulles back to euros. The purpose of the project is “to reinvigorate the economy of our territory, to give meaning to its act of purchase by promoting practices of social, environmental and local partnership practices.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Poivre MLC

Contact: poivre.mlc@gmail.com, 16@monnaie-bulle.fr

Website: https://www.monnaie-bulle.fr/

Social Media: https://twitter.com/BulleMonnaie  https://www.facebook.com/bullemonnaiecharente/   https://www.instagram.com/bulle.monnaie.charente/


Occitanie

La Sonnante

Region: Hautes-Pyrénées, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2017

Description and Background: Membership is required, for five euro a year, to exchange euros for la Sonnantes at a 1:1 rate. There is a 3% reconversion fee for providers to exchange back to euros. The notes are non-demurrage.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: unknown

Contact: contact@lasonnante.fr, Monique Sanciaud (legal representative), monique.sanciaud@gmail.com

Website: www.lasonnante.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/La.Sonnante.65/

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Le Cep

Region: Le Tarn Nord (Albigeois, Cordais), France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: April 2017

Description and Background: Le Ceps exchange 1:1 to the euro, with no demurrage but a 1% reconversion fee. Membership in the association is required to use the notes, and the fee is based on the member’s income level. The purpose of the association is to “promote the local economy, preserve the planet, fight against speculation and promote citizenship.”

Circulation and Participation: 10,000 notes in circulation

Founders: The Cep Association

Contact: contact@monnaielocale-cep.org, Claude Le Guerrannic, claudel.81@orange.fr

Website: http://monnaielocale-cep.org/

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Le SouRiant

Region: Haute-Vallée de l’Aude, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2019

Description and Background: Le SouRiant is a physical note complementary to the euro and run by the Terre d’Echanges association. The purpose of the project is to “find the true nature of money and give meaning to its use.”

Circulation and Participation: 54 members at the beginning of 2019

Founders: Terre d’Echanges Association   

Contact: contact@lesouriant.org

Website: https://lesouriant.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/MonnaieLeSouRiant  https://twitter.com/LeSouRiant11  https://www.instagram.com/LeSouRiant11/

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Soudaqui

Region: Pyrénées-Orientales, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: January 2018

Description and Background: Soudaquis are a physical note complementary to the euro with demurrage but no reconversion rate. Their purpose is to function as a form of ethical, social, and solidarity money.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: MLCPO   

Contact: contact@soudaqui.cat

Website: Soudaqui.cat

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Le CERS

Region: Narbonne, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: July 2014

Description and Background: Membership in the association Just’Echanges is required to exchange euros for the CERS notes. CERS exchange 1:1 and do not demurrage. The purpose of the project is the “relocation of exchanges, creation of a network of exchanges, and resiliency in case of crisis.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Just’Echanges

Contact: just.echanges11@gmail.com

Website: http://justechanges11.wordpress.com/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/MonnaieLocaleNarbonnaise

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Le Flamant (The Flamingo)

Region: Aiges-Mortes, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: 2016

Description and Background: Le Flamants exchange 1:1 from the euro but cannot be exchanged back to euros. The goal of the notes is the “relocation of exchanges, revitalization of the local economy, and local consumption.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: the Princely Bursaries of Aigues-Mortes

Contact: bpam@gmx.fr

Website: www.bpam-leflamant.com

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Krôcô

Region: Nîmes, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2018

Description and Background: Krôcôs exchange 1:1 to euro with no demurrage, reconversion fees of 3% up to 100 Krôcô per quarter, then progressive up to 5%. The purpose of the notes is to promote “alternative economies, ecological approaches, and short circuits.”

Circulation and Participation: 200 members and 60 providers at the launch

Founders: The real miners of Nîmes & around

Contact: kroco@kroco.fr, Jacques Sarda, jacques@sarda.fr

Website: http://www.kroco.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LeKROCOmonnaielocale https://twitter.com/Le_Kroco 

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Sezu

Region: Uzège, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2019

Description and Background: Sezus exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage or reconversion fees. membership in the association is required to use the notes, and the purpose of the currency is to “support local, useful and sustainable initiatives.”

Circulation and Participation: 165 members, 65 providers, 6358 Sezu in circulation

Founders: Local Currency Association Uzège

Contact: info@sezu.org, Zaccharie DHENNIN, zacc.dhennin@gmail.com

Website: sezu.org

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La Graine

Region: Montpellier, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued:  September 2018

Description and Background: Membership in the association is required to exchange euros for La Graine notes at exchange counters in the region. Exchanging La Graines back to euros incurs a 2% commission fee, which is used for the operation of the network and the currency. Participating businesses are screened through an accreditation committee to ensure that the network of producers is in line with the values of the association.

Circulation and Participation: There are 25,000 notes in circulation, over 300 users, and nearly 60 participating businesses

Founders: La Graine 34

Contact: ca@lagraine34.org, contact@lagraine34.org

Website: https://lagraine34.org/

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/LaGraine34MonnaieLocale/

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Aïga

Region: Bassin Alésien, Cévennes et piémont cévenol, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: December 2019

Description and Background: Aïgas are available as physical notes exchanged 1:1 to the euro. The goal of the currency is “to favor the relocation of the economy, to limit the financial evasion, to allow to develop the autonomy in other domains.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Cevennes in Transition

Contact: cevennes.transition@gmail.com, Rayan Frigoulier, l.anduzen@gmail.com

Website: http://cevennes-transition.fr/


Pays-de-la-Loire

La Gabare

Region: Touraine, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: September 2016

Description and Background: La Gabares exchange 1:1 to the euro, consumers receive a 2% conversion bonus, and professionals exchanging back to euros pay a 5% fee. The notes are valid for six months and validity is extended through the purchase of 2% stamps. The purpose of the project is “highlighting transitions towards a sustainable society: human link, short circuits, and respect for the environment.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Les planches à Gabare

Contact: Gabare@mlc.camp

Website: http://Gabare.mlc.camp

Social Media: http://www.facebook.com/gabare.mlc Twitter: @Gabare_MLC

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Le Rozo

Region: Saint-Nazaire Brière, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: April 2016

Description and Background: Le Rozo notes do not demurrage with 3% reconversion rate for the first year, after which time it increases to 5%. The purpose of the project is the relocation of wealth and dynamization of the territory.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Les planches à Gabare

Contact: Fabienne Zalivadni: fz@crumble-creation.fr

Website: lerozo.org

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Le Retz’L

Region: Nantes and Pays de Retz, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: April 2013

Description and Background: Le Retz’L notes exchange 1:1 to the euro with 1% demurrage each year reconciled through the purchase of a sticker and a 3% reconversion fee for businesses. The purpose of the project is “to put the human at the heart of the exchanges while doubling the power of the currency by promoting the exchanges in short circuits and depositing the guarantee fund in an ethical and solidarity-based bank.”

Circulation and Participation: 300 members, 149 professional partners

Founders: The Retz’L Network

Contact: lereseauduretzl@gmail.com, Christèle Ouary: christeleo.retzl@gmail.com

Website: http://reseauduretzl.org

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Le Vendéo

Region: La Vendée, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2017

Description and Background: Membership in the association MLCC85 is required to exchange for Le Vendéo notes at a 1:1 rate to the euro. The notes do not demurrage. The goal of the project is economic relocation in the region.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Joëlle Delamure and Nehru Hattais

Contact: contact@mlcc85.org, infos@mlcc85.org

Website: www.mlcc85.org

Social Media: https://twitter.com/MLCC85


Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur

L’Elef

Region: Chambery basin, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: October 2014

Description and Background: L’Elefs exchange 1:1 to the euro and the notes can be used once a consumer becomes a member of Réseau de l’élef. It is considered an “ethical currency” because of its commitment to a charter of values and a process of continuous improvement.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Réseau de l’élef

Contact: https://lamonnaieautrement.org/elef2/contact

Website: https://lamonnaieautrement.org/actus-elef

Social Media:  https://twitter.com/ElefMonnaie https://www.facebook.com/lamonnaieautrement

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Le Pois (The Pea)

Region: Vienne, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: October 2018

Description and Background: Le Pois exchange 1:1 to the euro with a 2% reconversion fee and no demurrage. Membership in the association is required to use the notes. The goal of the project is the “development of a more dynamic local economy, creating jobs, solidarity, and respect for the environment.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: REEL Peas (Equitable and Local Economic Network)  

Contact: mlcpoitiers@gmail.com

Website: http://lepois.fr

Social Media:  https://twitter.com/lepoisreel_86

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La Fève

Region: Toulon and surrounding areas, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: April 2019

Description and Background: La Fèves exchange 1:1 to the euro and cannot be exchanged back to euros by consumers. Membership in the association is required to begin exchanging the notes and the fee goes toward supporting local projects. Small groups of citizens in the Toulon area manage and run the money on their town, which will help to make La Fève perennial.

Circulation and Participation: 33,000 Fèves have been printed, with 6,000 notes circulating as of July 2019. There are 350 members in the association, approximately 70 of which are businesses.

Founders: a group of citizens of Toulon and surrouding areas, who were already members of transition communities (Les Colibris, La Vallée du Gapeau en Transition...), with a great wish to change their region to make it more sustainable

Contact: contact@lafeve83.fr, Milène Colin milene.colin@gmail.com or Anne Jastrzembski annejast@gmail.com

Website: lafeve83.fr

Social Media: https://twitter.com/lafeve83 https://www.facebook.com/MLC.LaFeve/  

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Renoir

Region: Cagnes Sur Mer, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: May 2016

Description and Background: Reniors are physical notes complementary to the euro with no demurrage or conversion fees. The goal of the project is the “dynamization of local commerce.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: The Cagnoise Mint

Contact: Nicolas Gibbe, n.gibbe@fip-pvam.fr

Website: www.monnaie-cagnoise.fr

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/monnaiecagnoise

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Nissart

Region: Nice, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: November 2016

Description and Background: Nissarts are physical notes that exchange 1:1 to the euro with reconversion fees. The purpose of the project is “showcasing the local economy, culture, and language.”

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: República de Nissa

Contact: Cristòu Daurore, daurore@orange.fr

Website: unknown

Social Media: https://www.facebook.com/groups/745378828905372/?fref=ts

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Caïrn

Region: Grenoble, France

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency, digital and physical notes

First Issued: September 2017

Description and Background: Caïrns are available as physical notes and digital transactions. They exchange 1:1 to the euro with no demurrage. The goal is to promote “democratic governance, economic revitalization, transition support and improved human ties” in Grenoble.

Circulation and Participation: unknown

Founders: Association Le Cairn – Monnaie locale et citoyenne (The Cairn – Local et citizen currency)

Contact: contact@cairn-monnaie.com

Website: www.cairn-monnaie.com


French Guiana

Kwak

Region: French Guiana

Currency Type: locally-issued convertible paper currency

First Issued: March 2018

Description and Background: Kwaks are exchanged 1:1 to the euro and are managed by the Kwak Lagwiyann ​​Association, of which membership is required and costs a varying fee. The association operates according to the law and regulations of the French Republic following Loi 2014-856 about Social and Solidarity Economy. The notes are convertible back to euros only for member businesses with an exchange fee of 5%. The purpose of the association includes “encouraging businesses and consumers to respect certain ecological and social values, promoting access for all to quality products and responsible consumption, and developing local solidarity.”

Circulation and Participation: Around 32,000 kwaks have been printed (through notes of 1, 2, 5, 10 and 20 kwaks), with approximately 3,000 kwaks in circulation as of June 2019; there are around 120 members and 20 of them are businesses.

Founders: The association Kwak Lagwiyann

Contact: kwakguyane@outlook.com

Website: http://kwakguyane.fr/